国土空间规划是新时期我国空间治理改革的重要举措, 具有突出的制度政策导向属性, 其规划编制应紧密结合政策导向, 切实体现生态文明建设、国土用途管控、规划有效传导、信息科学治理等要求。本文通过分析我国国土空间规划相关制度政策的背景和动态, 从政策导向着手, 探讨国土空间规划的规划内容深度、管控传导弹性、技术方法科学性等关键问题。研究认为, 国土空间规划的内容深度调控应加强对红线空间的管控, 专项要素引导应达到大纲深度; 空间管控传导中, 应增加城市功能区层面到用途区一级的规划管控, 以保障有效传导; 规划编制技术方法应突出对大数据及地理信息技术的应用, 以增强规划编制的科学性。
Territorial spatial planning is an important measure of space governance reform in China in the new era. It has prominent institutional and policy-oriented attributes, which should reflect the requirements of ecological civilization construction, land use control, effective transmission of planning and informational scientific governance. Based on the analysis of the background and dynamics of the relevant systems and policies of territorial spatial planning in China, this paper discusses the issues of territorial spatial planning, such as the depth of planning content, the elasticity of use-controlled conduction and the rationality of compilation methods. The study draws the following conclusions: the content depth of territorial spatial planning should emphasize the control of strictly protected space, the planning of the other special elements should reach the outline depth; in order to ensure effective transmission, it is necessary to increase the use zoning at the urban level in the space control conduction; the planning compilation method should strengthen the application of big data and geographic information technology in order to enhance its rationality.