摘要: 近年来，为积极响应国家层面“城乡统筹”“美丽中国”“乡村振兴”等战略目标，乡村规划与建设在全国范围内持续推进。安徽省乡村规划建设实践至今，一定程度上改善了村庄空间无序混杂、环境被破坏等问题。与此同时，也产生了诸如传统地域文化特色消失等新问题。安徽省内淮河以北地域，即皖北地区，是安徽省乡村规划建设中的重难点。该地区处于中国南北交界带，地域特征明显，文化底蕴深厚；人口众多、产业传统、经济欠发达；生态环境单一、脆弱性强。因此，对皖北地区乡村空间的针对性研究对于乡村振兴战略的良好实施具有重要意义。本文通过自组织视角下皖北地区乡村空间特征总结，以安徽省亳州市涡阳县曹市镇顺河村为例，通过大量实地调研、访谈，并借助Earth Explorer等平台进行历史影像图采集，梳理近百年来村庄空间演变脉络，分析经济、社会、生态与村庄空间之间的相互关系，探讨皖北地区乡村空间自组织演化的内在规律。旨在把握其规律性，提出自组织与他组织有效结合、同向复合的他组织策略，实现乡村的可持续发展。
The Evolution and Revelation of Rural Space in Northern Area of Anhui from Self-Organization Perspective: Taking Shunhe Village in Guoyang County as an Example
Abstract: In recent years, rural planning have practiced throughout the country in response to "Overall urban-rural development", "Beautiful China" and so forth at the national level. In Anhui Province, the problems of disordered space and destruction in villages have been solved to some extent. At the same time, new problems such as the disappearance of traditional regional traits have also emerged. The northern area of Anhui Province, which is located in North-south junction is a representative area. This area has profound cultural heritage, as well as large population, traditional industry, underdeveloped economy and fragile ecology. Therefore, the targeted research on this rural space is of great significance to the whole. Taking Shunhe Village as an example, this paper summarizes the features from self-organization perspective through field research and collecitng historical image maps through the investigations and the use of Earth Explorer. It analyze the relations among economy, society, ecology and village space. And explore the inherent law of self-organization evolution of rural space, which aims to propose strategies combining the self-organization and external organization effectively, and to realize the sustainable development of the village.