The spatial pattern of traditional villages is a reflection of culture and history. In recent years, with the rise of tourism, more and more traditional village space patterns have been destroyed, which will bring greater difficulties for future protection and development. Therefore, the study of spatial structure is of great value. Shanxijie Village is one of the first batch of Chinese traditional villages. Through the convex space analysis method and the axis analysis method of spatial syntax, the parameters such as integration degree, intelligibility and depth value are selected to quantitatively analyze the spatial pattern of Shanxjie Village from different spatial scales. The research illustrates that Shanxijie Village is surrounded by a loop, and its road system is relatively clear. The width of the alley and the proportion of the buildings on both sides are appropriate, and the scale of the site is quite appropriate. The space has high integration of the main road, the ring street and its surroundings. The village is highly synergy, and the overall depth value is low. Additionally, the village is located in Dawenkou Town, which is quite easily accessible. Furthermore, the location of the site is not only relatively open and but also maintain its independence. The protection and development of the village should focus on the protection and rectification of its unique spatial pattern, while giving more attention to the meaningful space presented in the above analysis.