陶岸君, 张勇, 詹钰鸿. 视域视角下乡村景观特色的形式构成与类型区划[J]. 小城镇建设, 2023, 41(1): 14-21,85. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2023.01.003
引用本文: 陶岸君, 张勇, 詹钰鸿. 视域视角下乡村景观特色的形式构成与类型区划[J]. 小城镇建设, 2023, 41(1): 14-21,85. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2023.01.003
TAO Anjun, ZHANG Yong, ZHAN Yuhong. The Forms and Regionalization of Rural Landscape Characteristics from the Perspective of Viewsheds[J]. Development of Small Cities & Towns, 2023, 41(1): 14-21,85. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2023.01.003
Citation: TAO Anjun, ZHANG Yong, ZHAN Yuhong. The Forms and Regionalization of Rural Landscape Characteristics from the Perspective of Viewsheds[J]. Development of Small Cities & Towns, 2023, 41(1): 14-21,85. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-1483.2023.01.003

视域视角下乡村景观特色的形式构成与类型区划

The Forms and Regionalization of Rural Landscape Characteristics from the Perspective of Viewsheds

  • 摘要: 乡村景观是造成乡村特色地域性差异的关键因素。本文基于“视域”构建了乡村景观特色分析的空间尺度,探索乡村景观特色的形式构成,并提出了乡村景观特色的五个构成要素,分别是地质地貌、自然植被、土地利用、农业植被和气候现象。随后探讨了乡村景观特色类型识别和区域划分相关方法及技术性问题,进一步识别出72种中国乡村景观特色类型,并以各地区乡村景观所呈现出的景观意象为依据将全国划分为11个乡村景观特色区和55个乡村景观特色亚区,形成了我国乡村景观特色区划的初步方案。

     

    Abstract: Rural landscape plays a significant role in the spatial disparity of rural characteristics. This article identifies the spatial scale of rural landscape characteristics analysis based on the concept of ‘viewsheds’. By interpreting the form compositions of rural landscape characteristics, five components of characteristics are composed, including geomorphology, vegetation, land use, crops, and weather. Then, several methodological and technological issues related to the type identification and regionalization of rural landscape characteristics are discussed, and further 72 characteristics types of rural landscape in China are identified. Based on the landscape images presented by rural landscape in each region, the preliminary plan of Chinese rural landscape characteristic regionalization is composed, containing 11 rural landscape characteristic regions and 55 rural landscape characteristic sub-regions.

     

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